The incandescent lamp has been the first step toward electric lighting. After several attempts with different materials the incandescent bulb was made in 1910 as we know it now.
The European Union is putting stricter requirements on the energy efficiency of appliances including lighting . More and more light bulbs can’t meet these requirements , which is why it was decided to phase out the light bulb. Nowadays, there are good alternatives to the light bulb. Think of the halogen lamp, energy saving lamp and LED lamp.